The origins of any game of racket and ball including tennis are traditionally
credited to 11th or 12th century French game paume which was played with the
hand and later advanced into jeu be paume with the use of rackets. However, not
all historians agree on this, there is a theory that the word tennis comes from
the name of Tinnis, a town in ancient Egypt, and the word racket – from rahat,
in Arabic. It is believed that different versions of the game were played in ancient Egypt, Rome and Greece, although there is no additional evidence to that.
Tennis rackets and balls, as we know them t invented overnight either. In the 13th century bare hands were found too uncomfortable, and players started using a glove,
wooden paddle, and eventually a paddle with a handle. Only in 1500s the first frame racket with the strings made of sheep guts was created.
Walter Clopton Wingfield is usually given credit for the invention of modern tennis. He actually patented the game in 1874, pronounced a new set of rules and moved tennis from indoors to outdoors. The same year first tennis courts appeared in the United States, and shortly after that in Russia, India, Canada and China.
The first tennis championship was held in 1877 in Wimbledon, and is still considered the most prestigious one. US Open came into being a while later in 1881. Now there are four Grand Slam tennis tournaments:
US Open, French Open, Australian Open and Wimbledon. The US Open tennis
tournament was born from two distinct tournaments — US National Singles
Championship for men and US Women’s National Singles Championship, which were
combined and renamed into US Open in 1968. Since then tennis has become a huge
commercial and entertaing event kets for the public and various sponsors and advertisers.
Sony Ericsson Open was founded in 1985 by a tennis player Butch Buchholz
with the aim to make it number one tennis tournament of the year, or at least
second after Wimbledon. His attempt failed, although this championship is
considered to be the 5th most important tennis event of the year. It is traditionally held in Florida in March-April, the prize money is $9 million, and Sony Ericsson tennis
tickets can cost up to $2000.